Canadian Legislation Online
This page provides annotated links to Canadian federal and Ontario legislative material and quick links to provincial and territorial legislative material available on the Internet. Statutes and regulations for Canada and most of the provinces and territories are also available on CanLII (Canadian Legal Information Institute). It should be noted that most online versions of legislation are unofficial; therefore, users should check the official paper versions, as necessary.
The bilingual website of the Department of Justice Canada makes available searchable databases of the laws of Canada, including consolidated Acts and regulations (usually current to within 2–4 weeks), annual statutes from 2001, and constitutional documents. As of June 1, 2009, all consolidated Acts and regulations are official. The consolidated Acts and regulations can be browsed by title or searched by keywords, by more complex search patterns using Boolean operators, or by point-in-time (from January 1, 2003 onwards for Acts and March 22, 2006 onwards for regulations). Basic and advanced searches allow for searching within a specific collection or the entire site. Quick links to constitutional documents and related resources, including the Income Tax Act and regulations (on CanLII) and frequently accessed statutes are also provided, as well as a table of public statutes and responsible ministers (from 1907), and a table of private acts (from 1867), and a link to the index of statutory instruments published in the Canada Gazette, Part II (consolidated from January 1, 1955).
Revised Statutes of Canada, 1906
The Revised Statutes of Canada, 1906, are accessible in the American Libraries section of the Internet Archive. Contributed by the University of California Libraries, volumes 1-4 are available in multiple formats, including PDF and text files.
Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970
The Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970, are accessible in the Canadian Libraries section of the Internet Archive. Contributed by Library and Archives Canada, volumes 1-7, 1st (1970) and 2nd (1972) supplement volumes, and index volumes are available in multiple formats, including PDF and text files.
The online version of the three-part official newspaper of the Government of Canada provides access to proposed legislation and recent legislative enactments and amendments in HTML and PDF formats. The online PDF format of the Canada Gazette is official as of April 1, 2003, the first official issue of Part I being published on April 5, Part II on April 9, and Part III on the next publication date. The online version in PDF and the paper version are published simultaneously. Also available are Canada Gazette Archives containing issues of the Canada Gazette parts I or II published from 1998 to the current year.
A Nation's Chronicle: The Canada Gazette
Library and Archives Canada makes available a searchable database of images taken from microfilm, microfiche and rare original copies of the Canada Gazette from its beginning in 1841 until 1997. Although not officially part of the Canada Gazette, the Consolidated Regulations of Canada published in 1874, 1889, 1949, 1955 and 1978 have also been included in the database for the convenience of researchers. All documents are searchable by keyword. Searches may be limited to any or all parts of the Gazette or the Consolidated Regulations.
Parliament of Canada
Parliament's bilingual website provides access to information about the business and proceedings of the House of Commons and the Senate and the legislation before Parliament, including the full text of Hansard (available the morning after each sitting day of the House of Commons), LEGISinfo (a research tool for providing access to range of information about bills from 2001 to the current session), and Committee evidence and reports. Current information relates to the 41st Parliament, 1st Session (June 2, 2011- (prorogued on October 15, 2012)).
Access to resources from previous sessions is also available:
- 40th Parliament, 3rd Session (March 3, 2010 - March 26, 2011)
- 40th Parliament, 2nd Session (January 26, 2009 - December 30, 2009)
- 40th Parliament, 1st Session (November 18, 2008 - December 4, 2008)
- 39th Parliament, 2nd Session (October 16, 2007 - September 7, 2008)
- 39th Parliament, 1st Session (April 3, 2006 - September 14, 2007)
- 38th Parliament, 1st Session (October 4, 2004 - November 29, 2005)
- 37th Parliament, 3rd Session (February 2, 2004 - May 23, 2004)
- 37th Parliament, 2nd Session (September 30, 2002 - November 12, 2003)
- 37th Parliament, 1st Session (January 29, 2001 - September 16, 2002)
- 36th Parliament, 2nd session (October 12, 1999 - October 22, 2000)
- 36th Parliament, 1st Session (September 22, 1997 - September 18, 1999)
- 35th Parliament, 2nd session (February 27, 1996 - April 27, 1997)
- 35th Parliament, 1st session (January 17, 1994 - February 2, 1996)
The Privy Council Office provides a database of orders in council (OICs) from 1990 to the present, searchable under the following fields: PC number, date range, keywords, department, Act, chapter number, bill number, TB minute number. Search results give the PC number, the registration number for the Canada Gazette, Part II, the authority, the sponsoring department and a brief description of the OIC. The full text of the OIC is available for items approved starting November 1, 2002 via the attachments. Library and Archives Canada, in partnership with the Department of Justice Canada, also provides Orders-in-Council, a searchable database of orders in council from July 1, 1867 to 1910.
The Ontario e-Laws website makes available official versions of the province's statutes and associated regulations (Attorney General's news release) as well as legislative history tables for amendments and repeals. A direct link is provided from the home page to the most frequently accessed laws. Search and browse functions are available on a single web page for each of the following: current consolidated versions of most of Ontario's public statutes and their associated regulations (exceptions are listed in the Table of Unconsolidated and Unrepealed Public Statutes and Table of Unconsolidated and Unrevoked Regulations); source law, including public and private statutes as enacted and regulations as filed since January 1, 2000; historical versions of consolidated statutes and regulations amended or affected by a coming into force event after January 1, 2004 (period in time law); and many repealed public statutes and revoked or spent regulations. Source law is generally up to date within two business days. Notices of currency found at the beginning of each consolidated statute and regulation are usually up to date to within three business days before the day of access. For detailed amendment information, users are directed to the Consolidated Public Statutes – Detailed Legislative History or the Consolidated Regulations – Detailed Legislative History. The site also includes Legislative Tables to assist in checking for recent changes in the law and Glossary of terms used on the e-Laws website.
Statutes of Ontario
The annual volumes of the Statutes of Ontario are accessible in the Canadian Libraries section of the Internet Archive. Contributed by Osgoode Hall Law School Library, York University, volumes for 1981 through 1999 are available in multiple formats, including PDF and text files.
Revised Statutes of Ontario
Volumes of the Revised Statutes of Ontario are accessible in the Canadian Libraries section of the Internet Archive. Contributed by Osgoode Hall Law School Library, York University, all volumes of R.S.O. 1914, 1927, 1937, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980 and 1990 are available in multiple formats, including PDF and text files.
Annual volumes of the Ontario Regulations are accessible in the Canadian Libraries section of the Internet Archive. Contributed by Bora Laskin Law Library, University of Toronto Faculty of Law, regulations from 1944 to 2008 are available in multiple formats, including PDF and text files.
Revised Regulations of Ontario
The Revised Regulations of Ontario are accessible in the Canadian Libraries section of the Internet Archive. Contributed by Bora Laskin Law Library, University of Toronto Faculty of Law, volumes of R.R.O 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980 and 1990 are available in multiple formats, including PDF and text files.
The online version of the official weekly newspaper of the Ontario Government provides access to notices and regulations from January 2000 to date in PDF format. Each issue appears exactly as it does in the print form, which is published every Saturday. Users can browse recent or back issues listed by date and volume and issue number, search for a specific issue by volume and issue number or issue date, or search for a specific regulation by number or keyword of the governing act.
Ontario Legislative Assembly
The Ontario Legislative Assembly website provides access to information about the debates and proceedings of the Assembly and the legislation before it, including the daily agenda, Hansard and Votes & Proceedings (available online within hours of adjournment each day), the current status of bills, and schedules and agendas for upcoming Committee and meetings. House Hansard can be searched from March 20, 1984 to present. Information on bills from previous Parliaments is available dating from 1995. Transcripts of all Committee meetings are available from 1990 to present. Current information about House business relates to the 40th Parliament, 2nd session (February 19, 2013-).
The provincial and territorial legislative assembly websites provide links to a substantial amount of legislative information, including Hansard, the status or progress of bills, statutes, regulations and gazettes.
CanLII (Canadian Legal Information Institute) is the largest free online legal website providing access to primary sources of Canadian law. It is funded by the members of the Federation of Law Societies of Canada and produced by the Lexum. The site contains consolidations of statutes and regulations as published by official printers from the federal and provincial jurisdictions. Prior and updated versions of legislative materials are available in point-in-time databases, which provide access not only to a current, up-to-date version of the consolidated legislative text, but also to past versions since approximately 2004. Legislative updates are carried out on a weekly basis. All legislative materials are accessible by jurisdiction and collection and can be browsed alphabetically or searched using basic or advanced queries. Search tools available for these databases include: a new "versions" field in the legislation databases search template; and a versions comparison tool which allows easy identification of the parts of text that have been changed. RSS feeds are also available to inform you about legislative changes of a particular statute or database.